Papers - Integrated Project Controls

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Integrated Project Controls Topics:

 - Integrated Controls

 - General Control Papers




Integrated Controls

4D Program - Future of Project Controls. 2023 Prof. Sandeep Chinnobaiah.

The advancement of 3D BIM Model Elements and with the availability of CPM Schedules, when integrated together to generate a 4D Programme, allows the development of a digital twin. Under simulation of various construction sequences and approach in 4D Program we are exposed to the scenarios, unknown constraints, and restrictions, which will help us in optimising construction strategies and resources deployment. Identifying risks, constraints, and limitations at the earliest stages of project during pre-construction period will enable higher standards of project controls. Cost loading to the 4D Program allows the project controls team to work with 5D program, where quantities of elements are obtained instantly, and Earned Value Analysis can be carried out in 4D Environment where we can visualise the extent of actual construction stages. This combined capabilities in one integral tool, will allow higher efficiency in Project Control which in-turn enable higher standards of Project Management. The future of project control lies in realising true potential of digital twin with the help of 4D Program.

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Application of 4D BIM in project controls for construction management.  2023: Maisara Al Rais.

Project controls are crucial in construction management, particularly for large-scale projects, where numerous intricate tasks require precise coordination and monitoring. With the advent of Building Information Modelling (BIM), the construction industry has witnessed a significant shift in how projects are planned, executed, and controlled. Integrating time (the fourth dimension) into 3D BIM, commonly called 4D BIM, has opened new avenues for efficient project control, enabling real-time monitoring, advanced scheduling, and better risk management. This presentation examines the application of 4D BIM technology in project controls within the construction industry, leveraging two comprehensive case studies. The first case study presents a high-rise building project in Sydney, where 4D BIM was used to simulate construction sequences, optimise schedules, and identify potential conflicts. The second case focuses on a complex infrastructure project involving multiple stakeholders, where 4D BIM facilitated improved communication, collaboration, and decision-making. Through these case studies, the presentation underscores how 4D BIM can provide a comprehensive view of the project, enhance understanding of project sequences, and lead to more informed decision-making. The presentation concludes by discussing the prospects of 4D BIM in project controls and potential areas for further research and development.

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BS202001: Project Controls – A personal view.  2022 KeynoteSteve Wake.

Steve Wake offers his personal insights on the new United Kingdom (UK) standard BS202001 National Specification Standard for Project Controls. BS202001 the first standard covering Project, Program and Portfolio Management controls, and is in its final stage of development. The standard is a specification, that outlines practices that should be considered in the context of each project or program. 100% compliance is not mandatory, but proof that every statement has been considered is. This presentation is a unique opportunity to understand the modern control analytics horizon which extends from the assessment of an idea and its potential benefits, through the delivery of scope, and its transition into an application which could be 20 years or more in the future, whilst the planned benefits are delivered through use.

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The future of project controls in an integrated world, BIM and beyond. 2021, Loretta Baylis. 

The technology and software available to support project and program managers is evolving at an ever increasing rate. This presentation will look at current developments and future trends and how they will affect our work as project managers.

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Implementing Effective Project Management Systems and Tools, 2018, Loretta Bayliss

For this type of project, execution is a discipline, and methodologies provides a clear structure and framework – use it well. Agility and problem solving are key requirements for any project management implementation team. Testing of process and technology together is mandatory. Governance is mandatory for effective decision making. It supports key stakeholder involvement & support as well as injecting clear risk mitigation into your project, schedule, and implementation ecosystem.
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Project Surveillance,  2016,  Lisa Wolf.

The term surveillance is derived from the French word ‘surveiller’ and has a military pedigree. It refers to keeping watch on a location or person. In project management, the notion of surveillance begs the question, “What do you watch?” Observing a project manager first hand is overbearing and may not be warranted. What you can watch is a project manager’s outputs from baseline establishment through project execution, as well as the people, processes, and tools being used to ensure appropriate monitoring and control processes are in place. This presentation focuses on practical approaches which will build solid surveillance processes and functions that can help significantly improve key project performance factors
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Utilising Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Project Controls, 2019, Maisara Al Rais

Utilising of AI/ML technology in project Controls will be done in 2 stages;
1. historical data for similar projects in a different discipline; collected from As-Built Model, including 4D and 5D data and the validated previous stored projects' data.
2. Current project cost/time performance considering expected risks (EVM calculation with a risk factors algorithm), to predict real-time monitoring for time and cost at completion during the delivery stage.

The methodology of building ML application for any project will be the same as the following steps
1. Collect Date (depending on the project discipline, Business intelligence application to be used in data analysis)
2. Develop Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm "MOGA" for CPM analysis and EVM calculation with Risk Factors
3. Train Model / Supervise learning (Neural Network to be considered)
4. Deploy Model / get the data back to Maintain and update the model
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General Control Papers

2022 Webinar: Establishing the foundations for Project Controls. Paul Carrar

This seminar focuses on the core requirements for establishing effective project controls in an organisation including:
• Summarising the scope of the project controls initiative, including benefits, assumptions, constraints, key activities, key quantities, key risks, etc
• Agreeing the project controls objectives and benefits
• Identifying and agreeing the relevant governance activities to incorporate into a project controls strategy to exercise oversight at the required level
• Identifying and agreeing each project's control requirements to generate meaningful data that meets the requirements of the project, organization, and other stakeholders. 

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Lessons Learned from Federal Agency Reviews of Capital Acquisition Programs and GAO Improvement Initiatives in the USA,  2014,  Karen Richey.

A review of the implementation of high-quality project controls by the USA Government Accountability Office, including the GAO Cost and Schedule Guides. 
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Exploiting Project Knowledge to Enhance Project Governance and Control,  2016,  Dr. Chivonne Algero.

Managing intrinsic project knowledge has the potential to enhance project governance, and consequently the predictability of project outcomes. These control mechanisms can be mapped according to how knowledge is acquired and exchanged. Developing this map can minimise the potential for an overreliance on accidental opportunities to gather project intelligence, and deliver predictable project outcomes. However, an over-reliance on this systematic approach could drive mediocrity through conformity.  
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Basic Project Control Metrics,  2017, Lou Vidotto.

Project Controls is an integral component of any project team.  From the initial concepts development to the options analysis, right through implementation to handover to the operators. It provides the framework for project documentation linked by a comprehensive Work Breakdown Structure to enable the development of the project baseline documents.  This session looks at the makeup of a well-functioning project team and the metrics that a project controls team is expected to establish, monitor, analyse, and report on to enable the project manager to make informed decisions for a successful project.    
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Project Controls metrics and the contribution to the Project Management process, 2018, Lou Vidotto. 

The use of project control metrics in project management and project governance.
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Foundations for a Successful Project Controls System,  2015,  Joe Campbell.

The building blocks necessary to implement an accurate and useful Project Controls system, including:
-  The data necessary to build a complete view of project performance
-  Effective data integration to improve efficiency and speed to insights
-  Using project data to forecast and improve outcomes
-  Business and organizational considerations for implementing a project controls system.

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2020 Webinar: The State of Project Controls – Implications for Cost Professionals, Sally Glen.

Independent Project Analysis Inc. (IPA) guides capital intensive organisations to establish the right combination of people, work process, and governance to maximise cost, schedule, safety, and operability performance. We conduct independent empirical research, benchmarking and consulting globally using a dataset of nearly 21,000 capital projects (including 1,200 projects executed in Australia). IPA conducted a study in 2020 that explored the current state of project controls. IPA routinely interviews project teams, collects data and rates the level of preparedness for project controls for capital projects. We further studied organisational, contract and work process factors and identified the barriers to improving the control function from the project controller's perspective. The study provides practical and implementable tips to effectively implement project control practices and improve capital project predictability. 

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Effective Project Control of Construction Performance,  2014,  Laurie Bowman.

The effective management and control of construction performance is a key determinant in overall project success. It is in the interests of both the contractor and the owner to plan, measure, monitor and control construction progress. 
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Mosaic-Logo-Small.jpg For more Project Controls resources see: